PEMBAHARUAN KEDUDUKAN WALI NIKAH FASIK DALAM PERSPEKTIF FIQH KLASIK DAN MODERN

  • Mahli Ismail
Keywords: Guardians, Renewal, Wicked Marriage

Abstract

This paper answers the problem of the classical ulama method in understanding the syar'i mashadir and al-adillah syar'iyyah in the determination of wicked wali indicators. The classical fiqh cleric verifies that, wicked marriage guardians do not legally make a marriage contract to their daughter, while modern fiqh scholars conclude that, a legal marriage guardian performs a marriage settlement. The formulation of the problem is how the classical ulama method in understanding the syar'iyyah mashadir and al-adillah syari'iyyah in determining the indicators of wicked guardians. What is the concept of renewing the position of wicked guardians in modern fiqh. Primary data were obtained from classical and modern kiqh books from a number of libraries. Secondary data were obtained from Arabic dictionaries, Indonesian language dictionaries and laws. The results showed that, the hadith which became the reference for the proposals of classical fiqh scholars (Syafi'i) showed that it was not valid from the method of criticism of a number of hadith traditions. Ahmad's history of the hadith does not indicate that the guardian must be fair and pious. The two hadiths above cannot be used as a reference regarding the determination of the indicators of the wicked guardian's illegitimate settlement of marriage. Renewal of the position of wicked guardians in modern fiqh is legal to do a marriage settlement. Marriage guardians are not required to be fair and murshid. The status of the marriage guardian remains in the guardian of the nasab/qarabat who have received legality syar'i cannot be revoked or transferred to another party, even though he has not practiced Islam comprehensively

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Published
2020-08-16