PEMERIKSAAN KESEHATAN CALON SUAMI DAN ISTRI DALAM FIQH MUNAKAHAT
(Analisis Konsep Maqāsid al-Syárī’ah)
Marriage in Islam is a recommended act. Because marriage is a means of gaining tranquility, giving birth to genarism, the door to various goodness, a means of channeling sexual desire (jimā '), and worship to Allah. The whole is related to the purpose of marriage. If all these goals are achieved, then a sakinah family, mawadah and rahmah will be created, in accordance with what is expected of the Qur'an. One of the goals of marriage that can give birth to a generation is by means of channeling sexual desire (jimā '), and including from human nature. So that everything about the distribution of sexual desire must be considered carefully, and it cannot be denied that all the consequences if it is not noticed earlier against unhealthy sexual distribution. This study aims to describe the importance of health for prospective husband and wife couples as a condition of marriage in order to avoid everything that causes mudhāt damage from family and generation integrity, by efforts to form a legal formulation in the Marriage Law. This type of research is qualitative. By tracking various library sources and existing data. The approach used to analyze sources and data uses the concept of Maqasid al-Shari'ah. The results of this study found that the reasoning of Maqāsid al-Shari'ah for health checks for prospective husband and wife couples on the formation of Munakahat fiqh must contain 2 (two) elements of goodness: First, the goodness of the world (mashālíh al-Duniawiyâh) second, the goodness of the afterlife (mashālih al-Ukhrāwiyâh).