SYNTACTIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DYNAMIC AND STATIVE VERBS IN ENGLISH

  • Zainuddin Hasibuan IAIN Lhokseumawe
Keywords: Dynamic, Verbs, Stative, Syntactic

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to reveal the syntactic differences between dynamic and stative verbs in English. The theory used in this research is a theory illustrated by Curzan, Anne, & Adams (2006), Comrie (1976) & Kreidler (1998) which is talking about stative and dynamic verbs syntactically in English. This study applies a descriptive approach to assess data with documents and key informants as the source of data. A verb is said to be dynamic if it admits the progressive and the passive forms. The dynamic verbs fall into five classes. They are activity verbs, process verbs, verbs of bodily sensation, transitional event verbs, and momentary verbs. A stative verb is a verb that is associated with the state, not dynamic activity and such a verb cannot be used in the passive or progressive tense. The stative verbs which disallow the progressive can be seen as belonging to one of the two classes. They are verbs of inert perception and cognition and relational verbs.

Published
2021-05-04
Section
Articles